The National Education Policy 2020 was the only positive thing which happened this year which was approved after a gap of 34 years by the Union Cabinet. It brought a new wave in the sea of education. It is aimed at transforming the Indian education system to meet the needs of the 21st Century. Therefore It focuses on the development of all factors associated with education, such as skill development, coding, music, project and involves other factors which helps to enhance overall personality of the students.
An NEP is a comprehensive framework to guide the development of education in the country. Implementing NEP will change the face of the current education system in India. The NEP suggests remarkable changes including opening up of Indian higher education to foreign universities, disintegrating of the UGC and the (AICTE), introduction of a four-year multidisciplinary undergraduate programme with multiple exit options, and discontinuation of the M Phil programme.
The other important highlights of NEP 2020 includes-
New structure of school education (5+3+3+4)- This new structure divides the existing school structure as per the cognitive developmental stages of a child. These are early childhood (3-8), school years (8-11) , and secondary stage (11-18).
Multilingualism- The use of regional language (wherever possible) will be commenced till Grade 8. This will promote the importance of regional language in the young minds of students.
Vocational Education- The main aim of this is to promote at least one vocational course for children and also to introduce several more to them. This will show them the importance of labour in the modern times. Mandatory internship is part of this deal.
Bagless Days and informal internship- According to this, students will participate in a 10-day bagless period. During this period students from Grades 6-8 will intern with local vocational experts such as carpenters, gardeners, potters, artists, etc. This initiative will make them self sufficient and they will pick at least one skill.
Coding- It will be introduced to the students in class 6 to put them on the market of growing technology.
Multi-Stream Flexibility– After standard 10th, the students can now choose different subject from different streams (Arts, Science, Commerce).
Common Entrance for Colleges– After 12th students will now be judged and selected in different colleges based of only one common exam for all the colleges and universities in the country. There will be no bifurcation in the stream and only one common exam will be conducted.
Earlier, schooling was mandatory for children aged between 6 and 14 years. Now education will be compulsory for children aged between the 3 and 18 years.
Mphil courses will be discontinued and all the courses in the universities/colleges will be interdisciplinary.
Academic bank of credits to be established to facilitate Transfer of Credits.
Positive relevance of NEP 2020
The main motive of NEP 2020 is to learn how to learn rather than rote learning. Students will develop a wide thinking process and will be ready to embrace uncertainty in the various fields. It emphasis on conceptual understanding rather than rote learning and learning-for-exams.
Earlier education in regional language will promote the language and will not let the language die.
Entry/Exit– One of the benefits of new education policy is to leave college at different points in time. Students can now decide how much to study and most importantly when to study.
Class 10th and 12th board exam will be made easier. It will mainly focus on the core competencies rather than the memorising capability of the students.
NEP will develop respect for diversity and respect for the local context in all curriculum, pedagogy, and policy.
Negative relevance of NEP 2020
Language seems to be an obstacle in the National Education Policy 2020. The student teacher ratio in india is questionable. So introducing regional languages in schools will prove to be a problem. Finding a teacher to teach a regional language and to bring study material in mother languages can cause hindrance in the plan of NEP 2020. As a result the increasing disparity between sections of society will be observed. The new education policy will further differentiate between the sections of the society. The students of government school will learn only their regional language for the first few years of their schooling while the private school students will be introduced with english at an earlier stage.
Four-year graduation program– This program enables the students to take a drop from the college and still get a certificate for the course. This will increase the rate of drop outs in India. The students can/will opt for a two year diploma course and can add the rest of their years in their work experience. This will affects the quality of the education.
Although there may be a few minor loopholes the new National Educational Policy, nevertheless is revolutionary. This will bring a fresh change in the indian education system.